100 Sights in Moscow, Russia (with Map and Images)


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Explore interesting sights in Moscow, Russia. Click on a marker on the map to view details about it. Underneath is an overview of the sights with images. A total of 100 sights are available in Moscow, Russia.

Sightseeing Tours in MoscowActivities in Moscow

1. Worker and Kolkhoz Woman

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Worker and Kolkhoz Woman

Worker and Kolkhoz Woman is a sculpture of two figures with a sickle and a hammer raised over their heads. The concept and compositional design belong to the architect Boris Iofan. It is 24.5 metres (78 feet) high, made from stainless steel by Vera Mukhina for the 1937 World's Fair in Paris, and subsequently moved to Moscow. The sculpture is an example of socialist realism in an Art Deco aesthetic. The worker holds aloft a hammer and the kolkhoz woman a sickle to form the hammer and sickle symbol.

Wikipedia: Worker and Kolkhoz Woman (EN)

2. Stone Flower Fountain

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The Stone Flower Fountain stands in the so-called "Industrial Square" of the Exhibition of Economic Achievements (VDNH) in Moscow, Russia. It was named and designed after the eponymous flower from Pavel Bazhov's fairy-tale "The Stone Flower".

Wikipedia: The Stone Flower Fountain (EN)

3. Church of the Ascension

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The Church of the Ascension of the Lord in Kolomenskoye is an Orthodox church in the Nagatinsky Zaton district of Moscow, in the former village of Kolomenskoye. It is a masterpiece of world architecture, the first stone tent-roofed church in Russia.

Wikipedia: Церковь Вознесения Господня в Коломенском (RU)


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MOST Театр Мост / CC BY-SA 3.0

The MOST Theater is a state-funded cultural institution of the city of Moscow. The MOST Theater was created on the basis of the Student Theater of Moscow State University in 1999 by the decree of the Government of Moscow at the request of the All-Russian Theater Society, in fact, it began to function in June 2000.

Wikipedia: МОСТ (театр) (RU), Website

5. Museum of the Patriotic War of 1812

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The Museum of the Patriotic War of 1812 is a museum in Moscow dedicated to the events of the Patriotic War of 1812. It is located in a specially built pavilion in the courtyard of the former City Duma building. It is a branch of the State Historical Museum. The opening took place in 2012, on the 200th anniversary of the war with France. As of 2018, the exhibition includes more than 2,000 items: medals and orders, original weapons, archival documents and works of art.

Wikipedia: Музей Отечественной войны 1812 года (RU), Website

6. Bolshoi Theatre

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The Bolshoi Theatre is a historic opera house in Moscow, Russia, originally designed by architect Joseph Bové. Before the October Revolution it was a part of the Imperial Theatres of the Russian Empire along with Maly Theatre in Moscow and a few theatres in Saint Petersburg.

Wikipedia: Bolshoi Theatre (EN), Website

7. Субурган и Пагода рая с молитвенным барабаном

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Субурган и Пагода рая с молитвенным барабаном

The Paradise Pagoda with a prayer wheel (Kurde) is a Buddhist shrine that, according to Buddhists, brings benefit and happiness to all living beings. It is a hexagonal rotunda of red color with a red Mani prayer wheel fixed on a vertical axis. The drum can be rotated by hand. A mantra is written on the drum in golden letters, and inside the drum are tightly rolled scrolls with 10 million mantras. It is believed that one rotation of the prayer wheel, with pure thoughts, is equivalent to reading aloud the mantras placed in it, which brings peace and tranquility to the hearts of people, gives harmony to the surrounding world, pacifying local evil spirits and demons. At the everyday level, Buddhists believe that the rotation of a prayer wheel protects against contagious diseases and epidemics. Spin the drum clockwise while reciting aloud the six-syllable mantra "Om ma-ni pad-me hum." The prayer wheel embodies the deeds of the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas of the ten directions.

Wikipedia: Пагода рая (RU)

8. Усадьба Лопухиных

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The Lopukhin Estate is a manor complex built in the late 17th century by Fyodor Lopukhin on the territory of the White City. In 1775-1776, the mansion was part of the temporary Prechistensky Palace, created to house the imperial court at the time of the celebration of the Küçük-Kaynarji peace treaty with the Ottoman Empire. At that time, the building was home to Catherine II's favorite Grigory Potemkin. After the October Revolution, the site was transferred to the jurisdiction of the Cheka, and in the 1960s, a branch of the Museum of Marx and Engels began to operate on the basis of the estate. At the end of the 20th century, the building was renovated under the leadership of the International Centre of the Roerichs and re-equipped to house the Roerich Museum, which since 2016 has been a branch of the Museum of Oriental Art. In 2019, the estate was transferred to the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts.

Wikipedia: Усадьба Лопухиных (RU)

9. Х. Марти

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Х. Марти

José Julián Martí Pérez was a Cuban nationalist, poet, philosopher, essayist, journalist, translator, professor, and publisher, who is considered a Cuban national hero because of his role in the liberation of his country from Spain. He was also an important figure in Latin American literature. He was very politically active and is considered an important philosopher and political theorist. Through his writings and political activity, he became a symbol of Cuba's bid for independence from the Spanish Empire in the 19th century, and is referred to as the "Apostle of Cuban Independence". From adolescence on, he dedicated his life to the promotion of liberty, political independence for Cuba, and intellectual independence for all Spanish Americans; his death was used as a cry for Cuban independence from Spain by both the Cuban revolutionaries and those Cubans previously reluctant to start a revolt.

Wikipedia: José Martí (EN)

10. Krutitsy Metochion

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Krutitsy Metochion Alexander Viktorovich Shipilin (Александр Шипилин)  / CC BY-SA 3.0

Krutitsy Metochion, full name: Krutitsy Patriarchal Metochion is an operating ecclesiastical estate of Russian Orthodox Church, located in Tagansky District of Moscow, Russia, 3 kilometers south-east from the Kremlin. The name Krutitsy (pl.), i.e. steep river banks, originally meant the hills immediately east from Yauza River. Krutitsy Metochion, established in the late 13th century, contains listed historical buildings erected in the late 17th century on the site of earlier 16th century foundations. After a brief period of prosperity in the 17th century, Krutitsy was shut down by imperial authorities in the 1780s, and served as a military warehouse for nearly two centuries. It was restored by Petr Baranovsky and gradually opened to the public after World War II; in 1991-1996, Krutitsy was returned to the Church and re-established as the personal metochion of Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia.

Wikipedia: Krutitsy (EN), Website

11. Tropinin and Moscow Artists of His Time Museum

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Tropinin and Moscow Artists of His Time Museum Andrei Raikin / Андрей Райкин, Alexei Sidelnikov / Алексей Сидельников, Andrei Lobanov / Андрей Лобанов (фото) / CC BY 3.0

The Museum of Vasily Tropinin and Moscow Artists of His Time is a chamber art museum located in an Empire mansion of the XIX century. The owners of the building were the Petukhov merchant family, who in 1965 transferred the mansion to the collector Felix Vishnevsky (1902-1978) to organize a permanent exhibition in it. The museum was founded in 1969, when Vishnevsky bequeathed the right to own the mansion and more than two hundred paintings to the state. The opening of the institution took place in 1971 on the basis of a permanent exhibition of works by artists of the 18th-19th centuries: Vasily Tropinin, Ivan Vishnyakov, Alexei Antropov, Ivan Argunov, Dmitry Levitsky, Sylvester Shchedrin, Dmitry Levitsky, Sergei Shchukin, Ivan Aivazovsky, Alexandre Benois, Viktor Vasnetsov, Isaac Levitan, Konstantin Korovin, Vasily Polenov and others.

Wikipedia: Музей В. А. Тропинина и московских художников его времени (RU), Website

12. Museum of Vladimir Mayakovsky

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Museum of Vladimir Mayakovsky

The Vladimir Mayakovsky State Museum is a museum-apartment of the poet Vladimir Mayakovsky, founded in 1937 on the initiative of his widow Lilya Brik as a library-museum. Initially, it was located in Hendrikov Lane, where the poet lived with Lilya and Osip Brik from 1926 to 1930. On the afternoon of April 14, 1930, Mayakovsky committed suicide. In 1972, the museum was moved to the former communal apartment at number 12 on the 3rd floor in Lubyansky Proyezd, where it was completely rebuilt. In 1989, according to the project of the museologist Taras Polyakov, the exposition was modernized in the constructivist style, a four-storey exhibition space was created according to the project of the architect A. V. Bokov, dedicated not only to the memory of the poet, but also to the Russian avant-garde.

Wikipedia: Государственный музей В. В. Маяковского (RU), Website

13. Menshikov Tower

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Menshikov Tower, also known as the Church of Archangel Gabriel, is a Baroque Russian Orthodox Church in Basmanny District of Moscow, within the Boulevard Ring. The church was initially built in 1707 to order of Alexander Menshikov by Ivan Zarudny assisted by Domenico Trezzini, a team of Italian-Swiss craftsmen from Ticino and Fribourg cantons and Russian stonemasons from Kostroma and Yaroslavl. The earliest extant Petrine Baroque building in Moscow, Menshikov Tower was substantially altered in the 1770s. The church traditionally functioned in summer only; in winter the congregation assembled in nearby Church of Theodor Stratelates, built in 1782–1806. Church of Saint Theodore also provides the bells for ritual ringing: despite its height, Menshikov Tower does not have bells.

Wikipedia: Menshikov Tower (EN)

14. Alexander Shilov Art Gallery

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Alexander Shilov Art Gallery Елизавета Борисовна Донецкая, зав сектором музея Московская государственная картинная галерея А.Шилова / CC BY-SA 4.0

The Alexander Shilov Gallery is an art gallery created in 1997 on the basis of the author's works of the People's Artist of the USSR Alexander Shilov. The main exhibition spaces of the gallery are located in the mansion of the XIX century at 3 Znamenka Street, built by the architect Evgraf Tyurin. In 2003, the exhibition halls were expanded: the neighboring mansion was restored, as a result of which the house acquired the features of the Empire style, and a basement complex was erected underground, connecting the two buildings. As of 2019, the gallery building complex is a single architectural ensemble, including 22 halls with paintings and graphic works. The museum's exposition includes more than 1200 works by Alexander Shilov, donated by the artist to Moscow.

Wikipedia: Галерея Александра Шилова (RU), Website

15. Gorky Museum

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Gorky Museum shakko / CC BY-SA 3.0

The Gorky Museum is an architectural landmark of the "Moderne" style, the Russian term for Art Nouveau. It was built in Moscow in 1900–02 by the architect Fyodor Schechtel. It is also known as the Ryabouchinsky House, for the young Russian industrialist and art collector who built it. After the Russian Revolution in 1917, the Ryabouchinsky family emigrated to France. In 1931 the Soviet government offered the house to the writer Maxim Gorky and his family. It was his home until his death in 1936. The widow of Gorky's son continued to live in the house until her death in 1965. It then became the Gorky Museum, dedicated to his life and work. It is located in the historic center of Moscow, at 6 Malaya Nikitskaya. Admission is free.

Wikipedia: Gorky Museum (EN), Website

16. А. В. Геловани

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А. В. Геловани Unknown / Fair use

Archil Viktorovich Gelovani was a Soviet officer and later Marshal of the engineer troops, responsible for logistics, fortification and military infrastructure during and after World War II. He was tasked on several occasions with fortifying strategically important areas and also reconstruction, including all Black Sea ports during and after World War II. He served primarily on military engineering and defense strategy posts, including being the Deputy Minister of Defence and would play a major role in the structural development of the Soviet armed forces and strategic missile forces during the Cold War era. An avenue in Georgia's capital Tbilisi and a street in the city of Sevastopol have been named after Marshal Gelovani.

Wikipedia: Archil Gelovani (EN)

17. Театрально-концертный зал «Дворец на Яузе»

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The Palace on the Yauza Theater and Concert Hall is a theater and concert hall near the embankment of the Yauza River in the Preobrazhenskoye district of Moscow. It is located on Zhuravlev Square near the Elektrozavodskaya metro station. The building was erected in 1903 in the style of rational Art Nouveau, and in 1947 it was rebuilt in the style of the Stalinist Empire. International festivals, concerts of academic music, performances and other events are held on the territory of the palace. In 2015, in connection with the upcoming renovation of the Sovremennik Theater, all performances of its main stage were temporarily moved to the Palace on the Yauza. As of 2012, the building belongs to TKZ Palace on the Yauza LLC.

Wikipedia: Дворец на Яузе (RU), Website

18. Центральный музей древнерусской культуры и искусства им. Андрея Рублева

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Центральный музей древнерусской культуры и искусства им. Андрея РублеваLodo27 from Moscow, Russia / CC BY-SA 3.0

The Central Museum of Ancient Russian Culture and Art of Andrei Rublev is a museum of Russian church art of the Middle Ages and Modern Times. It was founded in 1947 by scientists Pyotr Baranovsky, Igor Grabar, Nikolai Voronin and Pyotr Maksimov, on whose initiative the restoration of the Spaso-Andronikov Monastery began. The official opening of the museum took place on September 21, 1960 and was timed to coincide with the 600th anniversary of the birth of icon painter Andrei Rublev. The collection consists of more than thirteen thousand icons of the 12th-20th centuries, frescoes, wooden sculptures, manuscripts and early printed books, items of copper artistic casting, embroidery, tiles, as well as archaeological finds.

Wikipedia: Центральный музей древнерусской культуры и искусства имени Андрея Рублёва (RU), Website

19. Московский театр кукол

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Московский театр кукол Пресс-служба Правительства Москвы / CC BY 4.0

The Moscow Puppet Theater is the first of the currently operating state puppet theaters in Moscow and one of the oldest in Russia. It was founded in 1929 in the Gosizdat system by director Viktor Schwemberger. The theater uses a variety of puppet techniques: from antique marionettes to large-sized frame puppets, and conducts musical performances with the participation of a live orchestra. His repertoire also includes "performances with closed eyes", the events of which unfold in complete darkness, and all the action is based on sounds, smells, tactile sensations, which makes the performance accessible to blind people. The theater is the base site of the Moscow International Puppet Theater Festival.

Wikipedia: Московский театр кукол (RU), Website

20. Дом Пороховщикова

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The House of Porokhovshchikova is a mansion in the center of Moscow, at the address: Starokonyenny Lane, 36. Built in 1871-1872 for the Russian entrepreneur and philanthropist A. A. Porokhovshchikov, the owner of the Slavic Bazaar and the same name restaurant. The building, built on an ancient foundation made of wood, successfully synthesized the techniques of the national architectural tradition. Breath, composed of thick logs, decorated with carved platbands, cornices and puzzles, the mansion combines large volumes and the appearance that is not devoid of picturesqueness. The project of the house in 1873 received a prize at the World Exhibition in Vienna.

Wikipedia: Дом Пороховщикова (RU)

21. Circular Kinopanorama

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Circular Kinopanorama

The Krugovaya Kinopanorama or Circular Kinopanorama - is a cinema in Moscow of Russia which plays Krugorama, a type of cinema presentation in which film is projected on a circular screen with a horizontal 360° view. This was pioneered in 1896 by French engineer Raoul Grimoin-Sanson, who played ten projectors simultaneously on a circular screen, a process he called Cinéorama. Cinerama though spelled similarly has a different meaning, and denotes three projectors on an arched screen, as does Kinopanorama. The technology used in the Moscow Circular Kinopanorama was also previously carried out by Walt Disney in 1955, in a process he called Circarama.

Wikipedia: Krugovaya Kinopanorama (EN)

22. Memorial Museum of Astronautics

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The Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics, also known as the Memorial Museum of Astronautics or Memorial Museum of Space Exploration, is a museum in Moscow, Russia, dedicated to space exploration. It is located within the base of the Monument to the Conquerors of Space in the north-east of the city. The museum contains a wide variety of Soviet and Russian space-related exhibits and models which explore the history of flight; astronomy; space exploration; space technology; and space in the arts. According to the Russian tourist board, the museum's collection holds approximately 85,000 different items and receives approximately 300,000 visitors yearly.

Wikipedia: Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics (EN), Website

23. Дом культуры имени Русакова

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Дом культуры имени Русакова

The Rusakov Workers' Club in Moscow is a notable example of constructivist architecture. Designed by Konstantin Melnikov, it was constructed in 1927–28. The club is built on a fan-shaped plan, with three cantilevered concrete seating areas rising above the base. Each of these volumes can be used as a separate auditorium, and combined they result in a capacity of over 1,000 people. At the rear of the building are more conventional offices. The only visible materials used in its construction are concrete, brick and glass. The function of the building is to some extent expressed in the exterior, which Melnikov described as a "tensed muscle".

Wikipedia: Rusakov Workers' Club (EN)

24. Музей шахмат Российской шахматной федерации

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The Chess Museum of the Russian Chess Federation is the world's first chess museum; Its unique collection reflects the history of world and Russian chess culture. The museum's collection includes about 3000 exhibits, including several hundred chess sets, award cups, paintings, graphics, documents, awards and personal belongings of famous Russian and Soviet chess players. The museum is located in the center of Moscow, in the building of the Central House of Chess Players named after M. M. Botvinnik, at 14 Gogolevsky Boulevard. As of 2019, the exposition is open to the public on weekdays, by appointment at the Russian Chess Federation.

Wikipedia: Музей шахмат (RU), Website

25. С. Я. Батышеву

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С. Я. Батышеву неизвестно / Добросовестное использование

Sergei Yakovlevich Batyshev is a Soviet and Russian military and scientific figure, Hero of the Soviet Union (1944), People's Deputy of the USSR (1989), full member of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the USSR (1974) and the Russian Academy of Education (1993), the New York Academy of Sciences (1979), the International Academy of Technical Education (1995), the International Personnel Academy (1989), the Academy of Vocational Education (1990), Honorary Member of the International Academy of Education (1990), Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences (1969), Professor (1970), Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation (1995).

Wikipedia: Батышев, Сергей Яковлевич (RU)

26. Бенефис

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Бенефис / Общественное достояние

The Moscow Drama Theater "Benefis" directed by Anna Nerovnaya is a Moscow theater founded in 1987 as an experimental theater-studio shortly after its organizer Anna Nerovnaya was awarded the prize for the best direction of contemporary drama at the International Theater Festival "Lefortovo Games - 87". The initiative to create a repertory theater in Novye Cheryomushki came from the Executive Committee of Culture of the district. At the same time, a room was allocated at 23 Garibaldi Street, bldg. 4. In 1991, the theater received the status of a state theater and since then it has been financed by the Moscow government.

Wikipedia: Бенефис (театр) (RU), Website

27. Prince Golitsyn Family Estate

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The Golitsyn Estate in Znamensky Lane is a manor complex built in 1759-1766 for Prince Mikhail Golitsyn according to the project of architect Savva Chevakinsky. From 1775 to 1776, Catherine II lived in the Golitsyn estate, who came to Moscow to celebrate the conclusion of the Küçük-Kainarji peace treaty with the Ottoman Empire. Especially for the Empress, a wooden Prechistensky Palace was erected on the territory of the estate, connected to the main building and neighboring estates by long corridors. After the departure of Catherine II to St. Petersburg, the structure was dismantled.

Wikipedia: Усадьба Голицыных в Знаменском переулке (RU), Website

28. Dolgoroukys house

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Solloguba Estate is a complex of buildings in the Central District of Moscow on Povarskaya Street. The oldest part of the mansion was built in the middle of the XVIII century under the first owner of the estate, the nobleman I. I. Vorontsov-Velyaminov. In the 1770s, the building became the property of the Dolgorukov family and was significantly reconstructed. It is not known for certain who was the architect of the building. In the middle of the 19th century, the estate was bought by Mikhail Bode-Kolychev, after whose death it was inherited by his son-in-law, the artist Fyodor Sollogub.

Wikipedia: Дом Ростовых (RU)

29. А. М. Василевскому

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А. М. Василевскому Министерство обороны Российской Федерации / CC BY 4.0

Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Vasilevsky was a Soviet career-officer in the Red Army who attained the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union in 1943. He served as the Chief of the General Staff of the Soviet Armed Forces (1942–1945) and Deputy Minister of Defense during World War II, and as Minister of Defense from 1949 to 1953. As the Chief of the General Staff from 1942 to 1945, Vasilevsky became involved in planning and coordinating almost all the decisive Soviet offensives in World War II, from the Operation Uranus of November 1942 to the assaults on East Prussia, Königsberg and Manchuria.

Wikipedia: Aleksandr Vasilevsky (EN)

30. Музей русской усадебной культуры

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Музей русской усадебной культуры shakko / CC BY-SA 3.0

The Museum of the Russian Manor Culture "Vlachernsko-Kuzminki" is a museum located in the service wing of the Kuzminki manor complex, built in the early 18th century. The exposition is dedicated to the former owners of the estate, the Barons Stroganov and the Golitsyn Princes, as well as the noble and peasant cultures of the 19th century. The museum was opened in 2000 as a branch of the Museum of Moscow museum association, later it was withdrawn from its structure. The collection includes antique furniture, artwork, as well as household items of the 18th-19th centuries.

Wikipedia: Музей русской усадебной культуры (RU), Website

31. Храм Иконы Божией Матери Нечаянная Радость в Марьиной Роще

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The Church of the Icon of the Mother of God "Unexpected Joy" in Maryina Roshcha is an Orthodox church in the Maryina Roshcha district of Moscow. It belongs to the Trinity Deanery of the Moscow Diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church. It was built in 1899-1904 in the style of Russian churches of the XVII century. The church has a Sunday school for children and adults, a parish library, and the editorial office of the newspaper Pravoslavnaya Moskva. The temple has been operating without interruption since its construction. The church building is not under state protection.

Wikipedia: Храм иконы Божией Матери «Нечаянная радость» в Марьиной роще (RU)

32. Lermontov Museum House

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The Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov House Museum is a museum dedicated to the work of the poet Mikhail Lermontov. It is located in Moscow at 2 Malaya Molchanovka Street and is part of the State Literary Museum. Lermontov lived in this mansion with his grandmother Elizaveta Arsenyeva from 1829 to 1832. The museum was opened in 1981 thanks to the initiative of the writer and TV presenter Irakli Andronikov. As of 2018, the collection includes antique furniture from the 19th century, a collection of lifetime publications, photographs and images of the poet's family and friends.

Wikipedia: Дом-музей М. Ю. Лермонтова (Москва) (RU)

33. С. И. Спасокукоцкому

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С. И. Спасокукоцкому Департамент культурного наследия города Москвы / CC BY 3.0

The memorial to Sergei Spasokukotsky is a monument to the Russian and Soviet scientist, surgeon, and founder of the Soviet clinical school Sergei Spasokukotsky. Sculptor Vsevolod Lishev and his student Ekaterina Belashova created the monument in 1944. However, its opening took place only in 1946, and according to other sources, in 1947. The garden in front of the building of the City Clinical Hospital named after Nikolai Pirogov, where the academician worked for many years, was chosen as the place for installation. In 1960, the monument was taken under state protection.

Wikipedia: Памятник Сергею Спасокукоцкому (RU)

34. Bunker 703

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Bunker 703 (ChZ-703) is a Moscow underground building under project number 703, formerly owned by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR. The construction lasted from 1948 to 1961, after the completion of the work, the premises were used as a repository of classified documents. The bunker is located at a depth of 43 meters opposite the Rot Front chocolate factory next to the Paveletskaya metro station and has a connection to the service line of the Moscow metro. In 2018, an interactive museum of modern urban fortification was opened in the underground premises.

Wikipedia: Бункер-703 (RU), Website

35. Московский музей анимации

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The Moscow Museum of Animation is the first international animation museum in Russia, opened in 2006 by employees of the Soyuzmultfilm film studio. The collection of exhibits is related to the history of the development of animation and animation in Russia and abroad. Currently, the main exposition is located on the territory of the Izmailovo Kremlin, and the museum also owns the VDNKh pavilion "House of Culture", which is closed for repairs until 2018. The founder is animator Leonid Aronovich Shvartsman. The director of the museum is Larisa Evgenievna Vyborgova.

Wikipedia: Московский музей анимации (RU)

36. Погодинская изба

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The Pogodinskaya Izba is a historical building on Devichye Pole in Moscow, designed by architect Nikolai Nikitin as a gift to historian and collector Mikhail Pogodin at the expense of entrepreneur Vasily Kokorev. It is a high wooden blockhouse, decorated in the traditions of folk wooden architecture. The construction of this hut gave impetus to the development of the Russian style in the architecture of the 19th century and to a large extent shaped its direction. It had a significant impact on the development of the Russian style of the mid-late 19th century.

Wikipedia: Погодинская изба (RU)

37. Т-72

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The T-72 is a family of Soviet main battle tanks that entered production in 1969. The T-72 was a development based off the T-64 using thought and design of the previous Object 167M. About 25,000 T-72 tanks have been built, and refurbishment has enabled many to remain in service for decades. It has been widely exported and has seen service in 40 countries and in numerous conflicts. The Russian T-90 introduced in 1992 and the Chinese Type 99 are further developments of the T-72. Production and development of various modernized T-72 models continues today.

Wikipedia: T-72 (EN)

38. St. Prince Daniil

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Pimperik to Princess Daniil Moskovsky - a monument in the square of Danilovskaya Square Moscow. It was established in commemoration of the 850th anniversary of the founding of Moscow and in honor of the holy faithful Grand Duke Daniil Alexandrovich, the founder of the nearby Danilov Stavropigial Monastery, whose monk was the Grand Duke himself. Installed in 1997. The authors are sculptors A. Korovin, V. Mokrousov, architect D. Sokolov. The monument is located near the fork Lusinovskaya and Bolshaya Serpukhovskaya streets near the Tula metro station.

Wikipedia: Памятник князю Даниилу Московскому (RU)

39. Андрей Рублёв

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The Monument to Andrei Rublev is a monument in Moscow, Russia, erected in 1985. It is located in front of the entrance to the former Spaso-Andronikov Monastery. The monument is dedicated to the most famous and revered Russian iconographer of the Moscow school of icon painting, book and monumental painting of the 15th century, a monk of this monastery, Andrei Rublev. The authors of the monument are the sculptor O. K. Komov, the architects V. A. Nesterov and N. I. Komova. The monument is located in front of the building at 10 Andronyevskaya Square.

Wikipedia: Памятник Андрею Рублёву (Москва) (RU)

40. Усадьба Охотниковых

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The Okhotnikov City Estate, the Stepanov City Estate is an estate in Moscow at 32/1 Prechistenka Street. A cultural heritage site of federal significance. The estate complex includes the main house, facing Prechistenka Street, a fragment of the original estate fence and a closed unfenced courtyard, along the perimeter of which there are two outbuildings and two service buildings that are unique in their architecture on the scale of Moscow. The estate is best known for the fact that before the revolution it housed the Polivanovskaya gymnasium.

Wikipedia: Усадьба Охотниковых (RU)

41. С. Ф. Аверьянов

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С. Ф. Аверьянов неизвестен / Добросовестное использование

Sergei Fyodorovich Averyanov was a Soviet scientist in the field of hydraulic engineering and land reclamation. Developer of the theory and methodology of water regime management on reclaimed lands, forecasting the water-salt regime of soils during irrigation. Under his leadership, a number of large reclamation and hydrotechnical projects were built in the USSR, in particular, an automated reclamation system at the Lesnoye facility in Belarusian Polesie. His theoretical developments were also included in the normative documents of the USSR.

Wikipedia: Аверьянов, Сергей Фёдорович (RU)

42. Владимир Высоцкий

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Vladimir Semyonovich Vysotsky was a Soviet singer-songwriter, poet, and actor who had an immense and enduring effect on Soviet culture. He became widely known for his unique singing style and for his lyrics, which featured social and political commentary in often-humorous street jargon. He was also a prominent stage- and screen-actor. Though the official Soviet cultural establishment largely ignored his work, he was remarkably popular during his lifetime and has exerted significant influence on many of Russia's musicians and actors.

Wikipedia: Vladimir Vysotsky (EN)

43. Виктор Тихонов

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Viktor Vasilievich Tikhonov is a Russian former professional ice hockey forward. Tikhonov was originally selected 28th overall in the 2008 NHL Entry Draft, by the Phoenix Coyotes. After several years in the National Hockey League (NHL) with the Coyotes, Tikhonov moved to the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL) in Russia, where he spent four years with SKA St. Petersburg. In 2015, he returned to the NHL, signing a contract with the Chicago Blackhawks, appearing in 11 games for them before he was claimed on waivers by the Coyotes.

Wikipedia: Viktor Tikhonov (born 1988) (EN)

44. Gallery of European and American Art

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The Gallery of European and American Art of the 19th and 20th centuries is an art gallery that presents works by Western European and American artists of the 19th and 20th centuries, including collections of Impressionists and Post-Impressionists from the collections of patrons of the arts Sergei Shchukin and Ivan Morozov. The museum is located in the left wing of the Golitsyn estate in Znamensky Lane, which has been part of the Pushkin Museum since the early 1980s. The gallery was opened in 2006 as a branch of the gallery.

Wikipedia: Галерея искусства стран Европы и Америки XIX—XX веков (RU)

45. Ар Деко

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The Art Deco Museum is the first private museum in Russia with a collection of objects in the Art Deco style, created on the initiative of entrepreneur and philanthropist Mkrtich Okroyan. The museum is located on the territory of Friedrich Bayer's former pharmaceutical factory Bayer & Co. and opened its doors to visitors for the first time on December 19, 2014. The main goal of the museum is to acquaint the Russian viewer with the era of Art Nouveau and Art Deco, to carry out exhibition, research and educational activities.

Wikipedia: Музей Ар Деко (RU), Telegram, Facebook, Website

46. Дом-музей А. И. Герцена

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Дом-музей А. И. Герцена

The House Museum of Alexander Ivanovich Görzen is a museum dedicated to the work of the writer Alexander Herzen. Located in Moscow at Sivtsev Vrazhek, 27, is a branch of the State Literary Museum. The exhibition is in a wooden Empire-style mansion built in the 1820s, where Herzen lived from 1843 to 1847. The Museum opened in 1976 on the initiative of the writer ' s relatives. As of 2018, the collection includes more than five hundred exhibits: lifetime publications, photographs and personal belongings of the writer.

Wikipedia: Дом-музей А. И. Герцена (RU), Website

47. Moscow Archaeology Museum

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The Museum of Archaeology of Moscow is a museum dedicated to archaeological excavations in Moscow. The opening took place in 1997, but due to the poor technical condition of the building, a large-scale reconstruction was carried out in 2011, which lasted until 2015. As of 2018, the exposition consists of more than two thousand exhibits and includes items from the Paleolithic era to the Modern Age, found during archaeological expeditions in Moscow and the Moscow region. The museum is part of the Museum of Moscow.

Wikipedia: Музей археологии Москвы (RU)

48. Museum of Private Collections

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Museum of Literary Collections of the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts. The Pushkin Museum is a department of the Pushkin Museum, created in 1985 on the initiative of director Irina Antonova and collector Ilya Zilberstein to exhibit private collections donated to the museum since the 1980s. The opening took place in 1994, and in 2005 the department was moved to the restored estate at 8 Volkhonka Street. In 2013, the second building of the architectural complex was opened, connected to the estate by a glass atrium.

Wikipedia: Музей личных коллекций (RU), Website

49. Конфуцию

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Confucius, born Kong Qiu (孔丘), was a Chinese philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period who is traditionally considered the paragon of Chinese sages. Confucius's teachings and philosophy underpin the East Asian culture and society, and remain influential across China and East Asia to this day. His philosophical teachings, called Confucianism, emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice, kindness, sincerity, and a ruler's responsibilities to lead by virtue.

Wikipedia: Confucius (EN)

50. А. В. Мазунову

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The Last Address is a civic initiative to commemorate the victims of repressions in the Soviet Union. The essence of the initiative is that ordinary people deserve to be commemorated, not only "VIPs" which typically receive memorial plaques. A small commemorative plaque (palm-sized) is installed on the houses known as the last residential addresses of those arrested. Every commemorative plaque is dedicated to one person only, with the project operating according to the motto "One name, one life, one sign".

Wikipedia: Last Address (EN), Website

51. Vakhtangov Theater

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The State Academic Theatre named after Yevgeny Vakhtangov is a drama theater in Moscow, Russia. It was founded in 1913 as the Student Drama Studio, headed by Yevgeny Vakhtangov. The official date of the opening of the 3rd studio of the Moscow Art Theater (MKAT) is November 13, 1921, on this day the play "The Miracle of St. Anthony" was shown. In 1926, the studio was renamed the Vakhtangov Theater, named after its founder and first director. In 1956, the theater was given the status of an academic theater.

Wikipedia: Государственный академический театр имени Е. Вахтангова (RU), Website

52. Apartment Museum of Fyodor Dostoevsky

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The Moscow House of Dostoevsky Museum Center is a memorial museum dedicated to the work of the writer Fyodor Dostoevsky. It is located in the former building of the Mariinsky Hospital, in the wing of which his family lived from 1821 to 1837. It was founded in 1928 as the Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky Apartment Museum, and in 1940 it became part of the State Literary Museum. For 2018, the exhibition includes antique furniture, family photographs, as well as personal belongings of the Dostoevsky family.

Wikipedia: Музей-квартира Ф. М. Достоевского (Москва) (RU)

53. Дом-музей П. Д. Корина

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The Pavel Korin House Museum is a memorial museum dedicated to the work of the artist and collector Pavel Korin. It was founded in 1968, a year after the death of the painter, who bequeathed the house and his collection of paintings to the Tretyakov Gallery. The museum was located in a house on Malaya Pirogovskaya Street, where the artist had lived since 1934. The exposition consisted of a collection of iconographic works, paintings by Korin, antique furniture and archival documents of the collector.

Wikipedia: Дом-музей П. Д. Корина (RU), Website

54. В. Ф. Снегирёву

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Vladimir Snegirev's memorial is a monument to Vladimir Snegirev, a Russian physician, Honored Professor of Moscow University, and one of the founders of Russian gynecology. It was opened on November 2, 1973 in front of the Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Sculptors Sergei Konenkov and Alexander Kozachok began work on the monument in 1967. The architect of the project is Evgeny Stamo. In 1992, the monument was taken under state protection as an object of cultural heritage of regional significance.

Wikipedia: Памятник Владимиру Снегирёву (RU)

55. Катастрофе дирижабля СССР-В6

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Катастрофе дирижабля СССР-В6

SSSR-V6 OSOAVIAKhIM was a semi-rigid airship designed by Italian engineer and airship designer Umberto Nobile and constructed as a part of the Soviet airship program. The airship was named after the Soviet organisation OSOAVIAKhIM. V6 was the largest airship built in the Soviet Union and one of the most successful. In October 1937, it set a new world record for airship endurance of 130 hours 27 minutes under command of Ivan Pankow, beating the previous record by the German airship Graf Zeppelin.


56. Буран

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BTS-001 OK-ML-1, Product 0.01, BTS-01 is a full-size test mock-up of the Buran orbiter, designed to test the air transportation of the orbital complex, as well as for repeated static strength tests. In 1993, after the development of materials for the first flight of Buran and the subsequent actual closure of the program, it was converted into a scientific and educational attraction Buran: Space Travel and delivered to the Gorky Park of Culture and Leisure on Frunzenskaya Embankment in Moscow.

Wikipedia: БТС-001 ОК-МЛ-1 (RU)

57. Часовня князя Даниила

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The Hour of Daniel Moskovsky is an Orthodox chapel in the park on Serpukhovskaya Zastava Square in Moscow in honor of the Holy Righteous Grand Duke Daniel Alexandrovich, the founder of the Danilovsky Stavropegic Monastery, whose schema-monk was the Grand Duke himself, located nearby. It was recreated again in 1998 according to the project of architects Y. G. Alonov and D. G. Sokolov. The chapel is located on the way to the Danilovsky Stavropegic Monastery from the Tulskaya metro station.

Wikipedia: Часовня Даниила Московского (Москва) (RU)

58. Дом-музей Щепкина

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The Mikhail Shchepkin House Museum is a memorial museum dedicated to the life and work of actor Mikhail Shchepkin. It is located in a two-storey wooden manor house of the 18th and early 19th centuries, which was not damaged in the fire of 1812. The museum was opened in 2009 as a branch of the State Central Theater Museum named after Alexei Bakhrushin. The exposition consists of authentic items, personal documents, as well as furniture and works of art related to the life of the actor.

Wikipedia: Дом-музей Михаила Щепкина (RU), Website

59. Tsarina's Golden Chamber

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Tsarina's Golden Chamber

The Tsarina's Golden Chamber is the official reception room of the Russian tsarinas, where they held formal celebrations of Russian monarchs' weddings, meetings with Russian and foreign clergy, and receptions for relatives of the imperial family and for ladies of the court. It is part of the tsar's palace in the Moscow Kremlin. Золотая Царицына Палата is also the name of the building that houses the chamber, this time using Палата in the sense of "palace".

Wikipedia: Tsarina's Golden Chamber (EN)

60. The House of Tsar Peter I from Holland

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The Dutch house of Peter the Great is one of the exhibits of the Moscow Kolomenskoye Museum-Reserve, a full-size exterior and interior model of the house of Peter the Great in Zaandam. It was presented to Russia by the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands as part of the 2013 Cross Year of Russian-Dutch Cooperation. It was erected on the territory of the museum-reserve by the forces of the 101st Engineer Battalion of the city of Vezep of the Armed Forces of the Netherlands.

Wikipedia: Голландский домик Петра I (Коломенское) (RU)

61. Сад имени П. И. Травникова

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The Pavel Ivanovich Travnikov Botanical Garden is a unique garden located in Moscow in the courtyard of 8 Frunzenskaya Embankment. It stores 13 species of plants from the Red Book and other rare plant species on its territory of 0.27 hectares. The garden is a monument of historical landscape architecture and nature, artificially created by human hands. The garden was founded in 1958 and named after its founder, Pavel Ivanovich Travnikov. The nearest metro station is Park Kultury.

Wikipedia: Сад Травникова (RU), Website

62. Ажурный дом

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The Openwork House is a monument of experimental housing construction in the Art Deco style, located in Moscow at the intersection of Begovaya Street and Leningradsky Prospekt. It was built by architects Andrei Konstantinovich Burov and Boris Nikolaevich Blokhin in 1939-1940 using the method of large-block construction. The project was developed as a variant of standard development, combining the economy of prefabricated housing construction and artistic expressiveness.

Wikipedia: Ажурный дом (RU)

63. Дом культуры имени С.М. Зуева

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The Zuev House of Culture is a building of the House of Culture in Moscow, located on Lesnaya Street; It is one of the most striking and well-known monuments of constructivism in the world. It was built in 1927-1929 according to the project of architect Ilya Golosov and named after a participant in the revolution of 1905, a mechanic of the tram depot Sergei Zuev. On the territory of the Palace of Culture there are theaters, including "Quartet I", "Another Theater".

Wikipedia: Дом культуры имени С. М. Зуева (RU)

64. Museum of Oriental Arts

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The State Museum of Oriental Art is one of the biggest cultural institutions in the world for preservation, research, and display of Oriental art. The museum was founded in 1918 as a part of soviet programme to support unique cultures of USSR subdivisions. Since 1970 the museum is located in the centre of Moscow in the historical building known as the Lunins' House, a private residence built in the early 19th century by the famous architect Domenico Gilardi.

Wikipedia: State Museum of Oriental Art (EN), Website, Ok, Vk, Youtube

65. Alexander Fadeev

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The Alexander Fadeev Monument is a sculptural ensemble dedicated to the Soviet writer Alexander Aleksandrovich Fadeyev (1901–1956) and the heroes of his works "Defeat" and "Young Guards". Established in Moscow on the Miusskaya square in front of the Palace of Pioneers and Schoolchildren. The authors of the monument are sculptor V. A. Fedorov, architects M. E. Konstantinov, V. N. Fursov. The monument has the status of an identified cultural heritage site.

Wikipedia: Alexander Fadeev Monument (EN)

66. Музей-мастерская А. С. Голубкиной

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The Anna Golubkina Museum is a museum in memory of the sculptor Anna Golubkina in Moscow. It is located in the former art studios that Golubkina rented from 1910 until her death (1927). The museum was opened seven years later, in 1934, but due to changes in the cultural policy of the USSR, it was closed in 1952. By decree of the city authorities, the museum was reopened in 1972. In 1986, Anna Golubkina's studio became part of the Tretyakov Gallery.

Wikipedia: Музей-мастерская А. С. Голубкиной (RU)

67. Храм Преподобного Сергия Радонежского на Ходынском поле

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Храм Преподобного Сергия Радонежского на Ходынском поле

The Church of St. Sergius of Radonezh on the Khodynka Field is a lost Orthodox church in Moscow, which was located at the summer military camps on the Khodynka field. It was built in 1892-1893 at the expense of philanthropists and operated in the summer. The wooden temple is designed in the neo-Russian style, the author of the project is the architect Ivan Khorodinov. After the October Revolution, the temple was closed and demolished by the 1930s.

Wikipedia: Храм Преподобного Сергия Радонежского на Ходынском поле (RU), Website

68. посёлок Сокол

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Sokol is the first cooperative residential settlement in Moscow, founded in 1923. It is located in the Northern Administrative District, not far from the later Sokol metro station. The village of Sokol has become one of the embodiments of the concept of a garden city. Since 1979, the village has been under state protection as a monument of urban planning in the first years of Soviet power. Since 1989, the village of Sokol has been self-governing.

Wikipedia: Сокол (посёлок в Москве) (RU)

69. Ступа преумножения счастья и добродетели

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A stupa of the Enlightenment of the Temple Complex Tubdeen Schudybing is a cultural structure erected on the territory of the future Buddhist Temple Complex Tubden Schedubling in Moscow, which will be part of the spiritual and educational complex of Russian traditional religions in Otradnoye. This is a capital three -level structure about 15 meters high, built for the commission of a year -round, but episodic departure of a religious cult.

Wikipedia: Ступа Просветления в Отрадном (RU)

70. Felix Dzerzhinsky

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Felix Dzerzhinsky Vladimir Fedorenko / Владимир Федоренко / CC BY-SA 3.0

The Monument to Felix Dzerzhinsky, also known by the nickname Iron Felix, commemorates Felix Dzerzhinsky (1877–1926), Bolshevik revolutionary and head of the first two Soviet state-security secret police organizations, the Cheka and the OGPU. The monument, designed by Grigory Zakharov and incorporating a statue of Dzerzhinsky sculpted by Yevgeny Vuchetich, was erected on Dzerzhinsky Square, Moscow in 1958, next to the Lubyanka Building.

Wikipedia: Monument to Felix Dzerzhinsky, Moscow (EN)

71. Big Clay #4

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Big Clay #4Timur Maisak / CC BY-SA 4.0

Large Clay No. 4 is a sculpture by the Swiss artist Urs Fischer, representing the act of creation, creation, and transformation. Created in 2013-2014, she has exhibited in New York (2015) and Florence (2017). In August 2021, shortly before the opening of the GES-2 House of Culture Center for Contemporary Art, it was installed in front of its entrance complex, on Bolotnaya Embankment in Moscow, and caused an extremely ambiguous assessment.

Wikipedia: Большая глина № 4 (RU)

72. Солнце Москвы

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The Sun of Moscow is a panoramic wheel in VDNKh park, Moscow, Russia. It was constructed in 2022 as a replacement for previously dismantled Moscow-850. At 140 m high minus the height of the elevated platform, it became the tallest Ferris wheel in Russia and in Europe, surpassing London Eye in raw height, while still smaller in diameter. The wheel opened on the City Day 11 September 2022, when Moscow's 875th anniversary was celebrated.

Wikipedia: Sun of Moscow (EN), Website, Telegram, Vk, Website

73. Fragment of White City’s wall

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Fragment of White City’s wall

The Belogorodskaya, or Belgorodskaya, wall is a whitewashed brick fortress wall that surrounded Moscow's White City from the end of the 16th century to the end of the 18th century. Presumably, this part of the city got its name from the color of the wall, whitewashed with lime. During the reign of Catherine II, the dilapidated wall was demolished and the Boulevard Ring was laid in its place. The exterior wall was only one year old.

Wikipedia: Белгородская стена (RU)

74. Bunker 42 -Tagansky Protected Command Point

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The Cold War Museum (Moscow) or Bunker GO-42, also known as "facility-02" (1947), CHZ-293 (1951), CHZ-572 (1953), and GO-42 (from 1980), and now Exhibition Complex Bunker-42, is a once-secret military complex, bunker, communication center in Moscow, Russia, near the underground Moscow Metro station Taganskaya. It has an area of 7,000 square metres (75,000 sq ft) and is situated at a depth of 65 metres (213 ft) below ground.

Wikipedia: Tagansky Protected Command Point (EN), Website

75. Н. Хикмету

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Mehmed Nâzım Ran, commonly known as Nâzım Hikmet, was a Turkish poet, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, director, and memoirist. He was acclaimed for the "lyrical flow of his statements". Described as a "romantic communist" and a "romantic revolutionary", he was repeatedly arrested for his political beliefs and spent much of his adult life in prison or in exile. His poetry has been translated into more than 50 languages.

Wikipedia: Nâzım Hikmet (EN)

76. Hilton Moscow Leningradskaya

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The Hilton Moscow Leningradskaya is one of Moscow's Seven Sisters, skyscrapers built in the early 1950s in the Stalinist neoclassical style. Stalinist neoclassical architecture mixes the Russian neoclassical style with the style of American skyscrapers of the 1930s. A main element of Stalinist neoclassicism is its use of socialist realism art. The hotel, completed in 1954, was designed to be the finest luxury hotel in Moscow.

Wikipedia: Hilton Moscow Leningradskaya (EN), Facebook, Instagram, Website

77. People's Friendship Fountain

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The Fontan "Friends of the Peoples" is the main fountain and one of the main symbols of VDNKh. It was created for the opening of VDNKh in 1954 according to the project of Konstantin Topuridze and Grigory Konstantinovsky. It is located on the Central Alley, on the Friendship of Peoples Square, next to the Main Pavilion. The fountain has been closed for restoration since the beginning of autumn 2018, reopened in April 2019.

Wikipedia: Дружба народов (фонтан) (RU)

78. Большой Московский Государственный цирк

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The Bolshoi Moscow Circus is the largest circus in Europe, located in Moscow at the intersection of Vernadsky Prospekt and Lomonosovsky Prospekt. The building was built under the supervision of architect Yakov Belopolsky. The circus was opened on April 30, 1971. It has a system of five fast-changing arenas. In the backstage part there is a separate rehearsal arena. The auditorium of the circus accommodates 3400 people.

Wikipedia: Большой Московский Государственный цирк (RU), Website

79. The First Courtiers' Quarters

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The First Courtiers' Quarters Корзун Андрей / CC BY-SA 3.0

The Cavalera Corps is the conventional name of three buildings that are part of the palace development complex of the Tsaritsyn Palace and Park Ensemble. They were built according to the designs and under the direction of Vasily Bazhenov during the creation of the country residence of Catherine II near Moscow. The Third Cavalry Corps was erected in 1776-1779; The Second and First Cavalry Corps were built in 1784-1785.

Wikipedia: Кавалерские корпуса (RU)

80. Храм Тихвинской иконы Божией Матери

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The Church of the Tikhvin Icon of the Mother of God in Alekseevsky is an Orthodox church in Moscow, consecrated in 1680 in honor of the Tikhvin Icon of the Mother of God. It belongs to the Trinity Deanery of the Moscow Diocese. It was built on the territory of the royal estate of Alekseevsky at the Travel Palace of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, dismantled in the early 19th century. The temple has never been closed.

Wikipedia: Храм Тихвинской иконы Божией Матери в Алексеевском (RU)

81. Особняк Шехтеля

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The mansion of the Shehtel in Ermolaevsky Lane is the building built at the intersection of the three -breed and Yermolaevsky lanes Fedor Shekhtel in 1896 for his family. Architect Vladimir Adamovich also took part in the construction. Since 1944, the house was under the jurisdiction of the People's Commissariat of Foreign Affairs, since the 50s the estate has been the residence of the ambassadors of Uruguay.

Wikipedia: Особняк Шехтеля в Ермолаевском переулке (RU)

82. Государственный Биологический музей им. К.А. Тимирязева

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The State Biological Museum of K. A. Timirieva in Moscow is a natural science museum founded on 24 April 1922. Since 1934, the museum has been located within the walls of a federal architectural monument, the complex of the buildings of the former Peter Ivanovich Shchukin Museum of Russian Antiquities, built in Russian style in 1892-1915, owned by Shchukin at Malaya Gruzinskaya Street, 15, pp. 1, 2, 3, 7.

Wikipedia: Биологический музей имени К. А. Тимирязева (RU), Website

83. Н. Гастелло

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Н. ГастеллоAlexandr1991 / CC0 1.0

The Gastello Memorial is a memorial dedicated to the famous pilot of the Great Patriotic War, Hero of the Soviet Union, Nikolai Frantsevich Gastello, who died on the fourth day of the war, directing his plane at a column of Nazi tanks. The monument was erected in 1985 in Moscow, at the beginning of Gastello Street, not far from its intersection with Rusakovskaya Street. Sculptor Boris Alekseevich Machkov.

Wikipedia: Памятник Гастелло (Москва) (RU)

84. Ruins Grotto

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Ruins GrottoJorge Láscar from Melbourne, Australia / CC BY 2.0

The Italian Grotto is a memorial and decorative structure in the Alexander Garden at the foot of the Middle Arsenal Tower of the Moscow Kremlin. The grotto was built according to the project of the architect Osip Bove in 1821 in memory of the Moscow destruction of 1812. The building got its name "Ruins" due to the fact that the debris of buildings destroyed by French troops was used in its construction.

Wikipedia: Итальянский грот (RU)

85. П. П. Вавилову

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П. П. Вавилову неизвестен / Добросовестное использование

Pyotr Petrovich Vavilov is a Soviet scientist in the field of breeding and seed production of fodder crops. Member of the Great Patriotic War (captain engineer). Doctor of Agricultural Sciences (1964), Academician (1973) and President (1978-1984) Vaskhin, Honored Scientist of the RSFSR (1976), corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences from March 15, 1979 for the separation of general biology.

Wikipedia: Вавилов, Пётр Петрович (RU)

86. И. Э. Грабарю

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И. Э. Грабарю

Igor Emmanuilovich Grabar was a Russian post-impressionist painter, publisher, restorer and historian of art. Grabar, descendant of a wealthy Rusyn family, was trained as a painter by Ilya Repin in Saint Petersburg and by Anton Ažbe in Munich. He reached his peak in painting in 1903–1907 and was notable for a peculiar divisionist painting technique bordering on pointillism and his rendition of snow.

Wikipedia: Igor Grabar (EN)

87. Money Museum

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Money Museum

Museum Detneg is a private Moscow museum dedicated to the history of money of Russia and the world. It was created in 2011 on the initiative of financier Alexander Plushenko, the exposition was based on its private collection, which has about 1,500 exhibits from more than 200 countries of the world by 2010. Located on the ground floor of the river steamboat building in the park of the river station.

Wikipedia: Музей денег (Москва) (RU), Website

88. М. Г. Ефремову

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М. Г. Ефремову Министерство обороны Российской Федерации / CC BY 4.0

Lieutenant General Mikhail Grigoryevich Yefremov was a Soviet military commander. He took part in the October Revolution, joined the Russian Communist Party (b) in 1919, and became a division commander in 1921. He also became a military advisor to the National Government of China in 1928. During World War II, he commanded the Central Front in August 1941, and the Soviet 33rd Army from October 1941.

Wikipedia: Mikhail Yefremov (military commander) (EN)

89. The Yesenin Museum of Moscow

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The Moscow State Museum of Sergei Yesenin is a museum dedicated to the life and work of the poet Sergei Yesenin. It is located at 24 Bolshoy Strochenovsky Lane, where the poet lived and was registered from 1911 to 1918. The building was badly damaged during a fire in 1992, but was rebuilt in 1994. The opening of the museum took place in 1995 in honor of the 100th anniversary of the poet's birth.

Wikipedia: Московский государственный музей С. А. Есенина (RU), Vk, Facebook, Instagram, Website, Youtube

90. Софья Блювштейн

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Софья Блювштейн

Sofia Ivanovna Blyuvshtein, was a female con artist who lived in the Russian Empire and was eventually convicted of theft. She committed several carefully planned robberies, and was eventually captured and exiled to the Sakhalin penal colony. She became the basis of several books and films, in which she is romanticized as a Robin Hood figure, who never killed, and who stole only from the rich.

Wikipedia: Sonya Golden Hand (EN)

91. Church of our Lady of Kazan

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The Church of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God in Kolomenskoye is an Orthodox church in the Nagatinsky Zaton district of Moscow, in the former village of Kolomenskoye near Moscow. It was built in the middle of the XVII century. It belongs to the Danilov Deanery of the Moscow Diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church. It is part of the Kolomenskoye Historical and Architectural Museum-Reserve.

Wikipedia: Казанская церковь (Коломенское) (RU)

92. Московский областной государственный театр кукол

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The Moscow Regional State Puppet Theater (MOTTK) is one of the oldest traveling puppet theaters in Russia. It was organized in 1933 at the Moscow Regional House of Artistic Education of Children by the famous director and playwright Viktor Alexandrovich Schwemberger, an associate of outstanding figures of the Russian puppet theater - Sergei Obraztsov, Evgeny Demmeni, Nina Simonovich-Efimova.

Wikipedia: Московский областной театр кукол (RU), Website

93. В. Г. Короленко

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В. Г. Короленко

Vladimir Galaktionovich Korolenko was a writer, journalist, human rights activist and humanitarian of a Ukrainian origin in the Russian Empire. His best-known work includes the short novel The Blind Musician (1886), as well as numerous short stories based upon his experience of exile in Siberia. Korolenko was a strong critic of the Tsarist regime and in his final years of the Bolsheviks.

Wikipedia: Vladimir Korolenko (EN)

94. Museum of Soviet arcade machines

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Museum of Soviet arcade machines Museum of Soviet Arcade Machines / CC BY-SA 4.0

The Museum of Soviet Arcade Machines is a private historical interactive museum that keeps a collection of arcade machines that were produced in the USSR from the mid-1970s. April 13, 2007 is considered to be the foundation day of the museum. Visitors of the museum are given 15-kopeck coins at the entrance to get the arcade machines started. The ticket price also includes an excursion.

Wikipedia: Museum of Soviet Arcade Machines (EN), Website

95. И. А. Каблуков

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Ivan Alekseyevich Kablukov was a Russian and Soviet physical chemist. He simultaneously and independently of Vladimir Kistiakovsky proposed the idea of ion solvation and initiated the unification of the physical and chemical theory of solutions. He published influential textbooks on organic chemistry and was a professor at Moscow State University and Timiryazev Agricultural Academy.

Wikipedia: Ivan Kablukov (EN)

96. Садовый павильон с садом

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The Garden Pavilion with a Garden is a neoclassical garden building designed by architect Konstantin Burov in 1911 as part of the Lopatins' city estate. It is located in Moscow at 42 Sivtsev Vrazhek Lane, bldg. 5. It is a rather rare type of monument for the city, since with the disappearance of the city manor culture in Moscow, most of these buildings have not been preserved.

Wikipedia: Садовый павильон с садом (RU)

97. Альпинисты

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The monument to climbers (Alpinists) was installed in Moscow on the territory of the Luzhniki Olympic Complex. The author of the monument is a Honoured Master of Sports sculptor Evgeny Abalakov. It is located approximately in the middle between the Great Sports Area and the Southern Sports Core, north of the swimming pool, 400 metres north-west of the Vorobyov Mountains Metro.

Wikipedia: Памятник альпинистам (RU)

98. Theatre of Estrada

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Theatre of Estrada ГБУК г. Москвы «Московский театр эстрады» / Добросовестное использование

The Moscow State Variety Theater is a Moscow theater founded in 1954. Since 1961, it has been located in the Government House at 20/2 Bersenevskaya Embankment. The auditorium is designed for 1300 people. It hosted performances of pop artists, performances of both the theater itself and other troupes. Closed in 2020 for renovations, the theater is scheduled to open in 2022.

Wikipedia: Московский театр эстрады (RU)

99. Театр Армена Джигарханяна

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Театр Армена Джигарханяна

Progress Armen Dzhigarkhanyan's Stage is a drama theater of the city of Moscow, created on March 12, 1996 by the Decree of the Government of Moscow, based on a group of graduates of the acting faculty of the All-Russian State Institute of Cinematography named after S. A. Gerasimov (VGIK), where People's Artist of the USSR Armen Borisovich Dzhigarkhanyan (1935-2020) taught.

Wikipedia: Московский драматический театр под руководством Армена Джигарханяна (RU), Website

100. Дом Культуры Железнодорожников

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Дом Культуры Железнодорожников

Alexey Victorovich Shchusev was a Russian and Soviet architect who was successful during three consecutive epochs of Russian architecture – Art Nouveau, Constructivism, and Stalinist architecture, being one of the few Russian architects to be celebrated under both the Romanovs and the communists, becoming the most decorated architect in terms of Stalin prizes awarded.

Wikipedia: Alexey Shchusev (EN)


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Disclaimer Please be aware of your surroundings and do not enter private property. We are not liable for any damages that occur during the tours.