57 Sights in Essen, Germany (with Map and Images)

Looking for premium sights?

Here you can book tickets, guided tours and other activities in Essen:

Tickets and guided tours on GetYourGuide*

Here you can find interesting sights in Essen, Germany. Click on a marker on the map to view details about the sight. Underneath is an overview of the sights with images. A total of 57 sights are available in Essen, Germany.

List of cities in Germany Sightseeing Tours in Essen

1. Geschossdreherei

Show sight on map

Essen's Krupp steel casting plant is the core of Friedrich Krupp AG, which has developed into a heavy industry company and has now merged into ThyssenKrupp to become the largest steel and defense company in Germany. Founded by Friedrich Krupp in 1811, the steel casting plant covers an area of 5 square kilometers in 1912. The main source of income was the munitions industry, which earned the factory the nickname of the German Imperial Munitions Forging during the period of National Socialism. After being severely damaged during World War II, the wreckage of the factory was demolished and taken abroad as compensation. Since then, most of the former factory has been abandoned. It was not until 2009 that ThyssenKrupp's new headquarters settled here as part of Krupp-Belt City Development Project.

Wikipedia: Krupp-Gussstahlfabrik (DE)

2. Geusenengel

Show sight on map

Geusenengel, or Geusen-Daniel, was a trombone angel from the former Jülich Duchy diaspora. As a weather vane, trombone angels appear on the roofs and towers of evangelical churches in this area. The usually hidden chapel is also a place of worship for Geusen, who escaped from Holland and joined Protestants who worked secretly. Her name was later passed on to the Jülich Protestants. Geusendaniel may have been a fashion at the time, when these churches were allowed to install a bell tower or bell tower on or around their churches and prayers. Especially after the Second World War, Geusengel became a symbol of Protestant Christians in the lower Rhine. Examples can be found at Goch, Geldern (Holy Spirit Church) or Kettwig Market Church.

Wikipedia: Geusenengel (DE)

3. Eisenbahnmuseum Bochum-Dahlhausen

Show sight on map

The Eisenbahnmuseum Bochum-Dahlhausen is a railway museum situated south of the city of Bochum in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It was founded by DGEG, the German Railway History Company in 1977 and is based in a locomotive depot that was built between 1916 and 1918 and ceased operation in 1969. Then DGEG took over the whole area of 46,000 square metres and built up the biggest railway museum in Germany. In the middle of the museum, there is an engine shed with fourteen tracks. A preserved turntable, coaling, watering, and sanding facilities are still in operation. This museum is integrated into The Industrial Heritage Trail a route of monuments from the history of the industry.

Wikipedia: Bochum Dahlhausen Railway Museum (EN)

4. Eos

Show sight on map

Richard Scheibe was a German artist primarily remembered as a sculptor. He trained as a painter, and taught himself to sculpt beginning in 1906. From 1925-1933 he taught at the Städelsches Kunstinstitut in Frankfurt am Main. He was dismissed from teaching when the Nazis seized power but was reinstated in 1934. He received various recognitions during the Third Reich, including the Goethe-Medaille für Kunst und Wissenschaft and placement on the Gottbegnadeten list. After World War II he continued to sculpt, including a figurative piece for the Memorial to the German Resistance. His work was also part of the sculpture event in the art competition at the 1928 Summer Olympics.

Wikipedia: Richard Scheibe (EN)

5. Denkmal F.A. Krupp

Show sight on map

Friedrich Alfred Krupp was a German steel manufacturer and head of the company Krupp. He was the son of Alfred Krupp and inherited the family business when his father died in 1887. Whereas his father had largely supplied iron and steel, Friedrich shifted his company's production back to arms manufacturing. Friedrich greatly expanded Krupp and acquired the Germaniawerft in 1896 which gave him control of warship manufacturing in Germany. He oversaw the development of nickel steel, U-boats, the diesel engine, and much more. He died, possibly by suicide, in 1902 after being accused of homosexuality. His daughter Bertha inherited the company.

Wikipedia: Friedrich Alfred Krupp (EN)

6. Altenhof II

Show sight on map

The settlement Altenhof consists of the two construction phases of the settlement Altenhof I, which was built between 1893 and 1907, and the settlement Altenhof II from the years 1907 to 1914. Altenhof I is located in the Essen district Rüttenscheid, Altenhof II in Stadtwald. Both were built by Friedrich Krupp AG for its former employees. At that time, it was a revolutionary social commitment that old people, invalids and single people were allowed to live rent-free here. Today, the remaining parts of the Altenhof settlement are a testimony to historical settlement development and thus belong to the Route of Industrial Heritage.

Wikipedia: Altenhof (Essen) (DE)

7. Zeche Zollverein

Show sight on map

The Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex is a large former industrial site in the city of Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The first coal mine on the premises was founded in 1847, and mining activities took place from 1851 until December 23, 1986. For decades, starting in the late 1950s, the two parts of the site, Zollverein Coal Mine and Zollverein Coking Plant, ranked among the largest of their kinds in Europe. Shaft 12, built in the New Objectivity style, was opened in 1932 and is considered an architectural and technical masterpiece, earning it a reputation as the "most beautiful coal mine in the world".

Wikipedia: Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex (EN)

8. Philharmonie/ Saalbau

Show sight on map

Saalbau Essen is a concert venue in Essen, Germany, the home of the Essen Philharmonic. The original building was completed in 1902, and destroyed during World War II on 26 July 1943. It was rebuilt between 1949 and 1954 and completely renovated in 2003 and 2004. The Saalbau Essen is located a little bit south of the city center close to the Aalto Theatre. Since the 2013/2014 season Tomáš Netopil has been the music director of Essener Philharmonic. Also since 2013/2014 Hein Mulders has been the intendant of the Saalbau Essen.

Wikipedia: Saalbau Essen (EN)

9. St. Ludgerus

Show sight on map

The St. Ludgerus Church in Essen-Werden is considered one of the most important late Romanesque church buildings in the Rhineland. It was built at the beginning of the 9th century as an abbey church of the Benedictine monastery of Werden and was redesigned in the 13th century in the Rhineland transitional style. Outside the actual church building is the crypt with the shrine of St. Ludgerus. Since the abolition of the abbey, St. Ludgerus has been a Catholic parish church. It has held the title of Basilica minor since 1993.

Wikipedia: St. Ludgerus (Werden) (DE)

10. Insel Werden 1984 - Heute

Show sight on map

Maria Nordman is a German-American sculptor and conceptual artist. She is known for creating the contexts of FILM ROOMS starting in 1967: FILM ROOM EAT 1967-PRESENT and FILM ROOM EXHALE 1967- PRESENT. These two works are the fulcrum of other works that follow, of other works that follow, enabling new considerations of rooms as sculpture. Her works in film, still photography, and sculpture variously connect to writing, musical projects, architecture, public space, and performance.

Wikipedia: Maria Nordman (EN)

11. Domschatzkammer

Show sight on map

The Essen Cathedral Treasury is one of the most significant collections of religious artworks in Germany. A great number of items of treasure are accessible to the public in the treasury chamber of Essen Minster. The cathedral chapter manages the treasury chamber, not as a museum as in some places, but as the place in which liturgical implements and objects are kept, which continued to be used to this day in the service of God, so far as their conservation requirements allow.

Wikipedia: Essen Cathedral Treasury (EN)

12. Friedenskirche Steele

Show sight on map

The Protestant Church of Peace, located in the Steele district east of Essen, is a neo-Gothic three-nave church building that has been protected since 1989. Built in 1872 under plans by Essen architect Julius Fluger, the church is a successor to the previous one, which has become too small. Today, it is part of the Protestant Church of the Rhineland, belonging to the parish church of the Protestant Church Königssteele.

Wikipedia: Friedenskirche (Essen-Steele) (DE)

13. Grabmal Brünglinghaus

Show sight on map

The Old Cemetery Huttrop was created in 1878 as a municipal community cemetery in today's Essen district of Huttrop. Huttrop was at that time part of the Landbürgermeisterei Stoppenberg, whereby Huttrop was incorporated into the city of Essen in 1908. Deconsecrated in 1991, a park has emerged from the burial ground, in which several tombs have been preserved, most of which are now under monument protection.

Wikipedia: Alter Friedhof Huttrop (DE)

14. Das Gebet

Show sight on map

François Auguste René Rodin was a French sculptor, generally considered the founder of modern sculpture. He was schooled traditionally and took a craftsman-like approach to his work. Rodin possessed a unique ability to model a complex, turbulent, and deeply pocketed surface in clay. He is known for such sculptures as The Thinker, Monument to Balzac, The Kiss, The Burghers of Calais, and The Gates of Hell.

Wikipedia: Auguste Rodin (EN)

15. Aalto-Theater

Show sight on map

The Aalto Theatre (Aalto-Theater) is a performing arts venue in Essen, Germany, and is home to the city's opera company Aalto-Musiktheater and the ballet company Aalto Ballett. The Essener Philharmoniker serve as the venue's orchestra. The theatre opened on 25 September 1988 with Richard Wagner's opera Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg and is mainly used for opera and ballet, but also for concerts and galas.

Wikipedia: Aalto Theatre (EN)

16. Villa Hügel

Show sight on map
Villa Hügel Dr.G.Schmitz / CC BY-SA 3.0

The Villa Hügel is a 19th-century mansion in Bredeney, now part of Essen, Germany. It was built by the industrialist Alfred Krupp in 1870-1873 as his main residence and was the home of the Krupp family until after World War II. More recently, the Villa Hügel has housed the offices of the Kulturstiftung Ruhr, an art gallery, the historical archive of the Krupp family and company, and a concert venue.

Wikipedia: Villa Hügel (EN)

17. Stratmanns Theater

Show sight on map

The Amerikahaus Ruhr, called Europahaus since 1994, is a listed building in Essen's city centre since 1991. It was built in the early 1950s by the Americans as the America House and the first main base of their information network in selected major cities. After the house later served as the seat of the Lord Mayor for 15 years, the cabaret stage Stratmanns Theater has been located there since 1994.

Wikipedia: Stratmanns Theater Europahaus (DE)

18. Salomon Ludwig Steinheim-Institut für deutsch-jüdische Geschichte an der Universität Duisburg-Essen

Show sight on map

The Old Synagogue in Essen is one of the largest, best preserved and architecturally most impressive testimonies to Jewish culture in pre-war Germany. Built in the centre of the city, the Byzantine style former Synagogue was originally consecrated as the Neue Synagoge in 1913; it now houses an institution dedicated to documenting and promoting the history of the city's former Jewish community.

Wikipedia: Old Synagogue (Essen) (EN)

19. Halbachhammer

Show sight on map

The Halbachhammer in Essen's Fulerum district is the remnant of the medieval Fickynhütte from Weidenau an der Sieg. Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach had it moved to the Nachtigallental within sight of the Margarethenhöhe and donated it to the city. Today, the Halbachhammer is a technical and economic monument, a branch of the Ruhr Museum and part of the Route of Industrial Heritage.

Wikipedia: Halbachhammer (Fulerum) (DE)

20. Vryburg

Show sight on map

The Vryburg is a medieval ring rampart, which is important for the early medieval settlement in the Ruhr Valley. Today's desertification of the plant is located in the eastern Essen district of Horst on a hill north of the Ruhr in the immediate vicinity east of Haus Horst. It may have been the forerunner of this manor house. However, the assumption has not yet been substantiated.

Wikipedia: Vryburg (Denkmal) (DE)

21. Schloss Landsberg

Show sight on map
Schloss Landsberg unbekannt / PD-alt-100

Landsberg Castle is a castle complex in the Ruhr Valley in the city of Ratingen, on the outskirts of Essen, in the immediate vicinity of Hugenpoet Castle. It is located near the Kettwig district vor der Brücke about one kilometer southwest of the center of Kettwig on the road to Mülheim an der Ruhr-Mintard in the middle of an English landscape park with extensive forest area.

Wikipedia: Schloss Landsberg (Ratingen) (DE)

22. Marktkirche

Show sight on map

Essener Marktkirche, until the end of the 19th century. Gertrudiskirche (Gertrudiskirche) is located in the market square in downtown Essen, originally Essen's market square, and was once the economic, political and religious center of the city. Hallenkirche, originally Romanesque and partially reconstructed late Gothic, was the first Protestant church in Essen.

Wikipedia: Marktkirche (Essen) (DE)

23. St. Johann Baptist (Essen)

Show sight on map

The Catholic parish church of St. Johann Baptist is a Gothic hall church in Essen, dedicated to John the Baptist, which stands on Kettwiger Straße, the main street of Essen, in front of Essen Minster, to which it is connected. On account of its position and the fact that its spire towers over the Minster, visitors often mistake it for part of the Minster.

Wikipedia: St. Johann Baptist, Essen (EN)

24. Tux

Show sight on map
Tux Larry Ewing / Attribution

Tux is a penguin character and the official brand character of the Linux kernel. Originally created as an entry to a Linux logo competition, Tux is the most commonly used icon for Linux, although different Linux distributions depict Tux in various styles. The character is used in many other Linux programs and as a general symbol of Linux.

Wikipedia: Tux (mascot) (EN)

25. Villa Vogelsang

Show sight on map

Villa Vogelsang is a villa in the Horst district of Essen, Germany. The name goes back to one of its former owners, entrepreneur William Vogelsan. On the park-like plot, there is also a front carriage house near the villa. Villas and carriage houses are listed as historical sites and are part of the industrial heritage route.

Wikipedia: Villa Vogelsang (DE)

26. Burgruine Vittinghoff

Show sight on map
Burgruine Vittinghoff Frank Vincentz / CC BY-SA 3.0

Haus Vittinghoff is an abandoned moth on Vittinghoffstraße in Essen's Stadtwald district. It is the ancestral seat of the noble family Vietinghoff, which in its Westphalian line led the title Freiherr von Vittinghoff called Schell zu Schellenberg, but calls itself Freiherr von Vietinghoff-Scheel in the Baltic line.

Wikipedia: Haus Vittinghoff (DE)

27. Pestalozzidorf Im Grund

Show sight on map

The Pestalozzi village "Im Grund" is a housing estate for young people, which was built according to the principles of the pedagogue Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi – adapted to the needs of mining – in the Essen district of Katernberg. It is located between the zollverein III colony and the Dortmannhof.

Wikipedia: Pestalozzidorf_„Im_Grund“ (DE)

28. Anna-Bunker

Show sight on map

Altendorf is a northwestern borough of the city of Essen, Germany. It was incorporated into the city on 1 August 1901. Previously, it had been part of the Bürgermeisterei Altendorf, which existed since 1874. Altendorf consisted of two parts, Oberdorf and Unterdorf. Around 23.000 people live here.

Wikipedia: Altendorf, Essen (EN)

29. Museum Folkwang, Altbau

Show sight on map

Museum Folkwang is a major collection of 19th- and 20th-century art in Essen, Germany. The museum was established in 1922 by merging the Essener Kunstmuseum, which was founded in 1906, and the private Folkwang Museum of the collector and patron Karl Ernst Osthaus in Hagen, founded in 1902.

Wikipedia: Museum Folkwang (EN)

30. Domkirche Ss. Cosmas und Damian

Show sight on map

Essen Minster, since 1958 also Essen Cathedral is the seat of the Roman Catholic Bishop of Essen, the "Diocese of the Ruhr", founded in 1958. The church, dedicated to Saints Cosmas and Damian and the Blessed Virgin Mary, stands on the Burgplatz in the centre of the city of Essen, Germany.

Wikipedia: Essen Minster (EN)

31. Haus Scheppen

Show sight on map

Scheppen House is a former aristocratic estate at Werden Abbey in the Fischlaken district of Essen. In the Middle Ages, the fortified court, with as many as 23 affiliated estates, was one of the largest feudal estates in Whedon. He was named after Lord Sheppen in the 14th century.

Wikipedia: Haus Scheppen (DE)

32. Ehemaliges Verwaltungsgebäude Zeche Graf Beust

Show sight on map

Beust Earl Coal Mine is a coal mine in Essen, Germany. The mine was named after Rhineland miner Ernst August Graff von Burst. Beust Earl Coal Mine is one of the founding members of Rhine-Westphalia Coal Syndicate. Graf Beust Coal Mine is one of the earliest marl mines in Ruhr area.

Wikipedia: Zeche Graf Beust (DE)

33. Gervinuspark

Show sight on map

The Gervinuspark park is located in today's Frohnhausen district of Essen. Until 1959, this area was Essen's West Cemetery. The tomb of the first and only mayor of the Mayoralty of Altendorf, then the largest rural community in Prussia, Wilhelm Kerckhoff, is still present today.

Wikipedia: Gervinuspark (DE)

34. Schloß Schellenberg

Show sight on map

Schloss Schellenberg is a well-preserved castle on a wooded hill of the Ruhrhöhen in the Essen district of Rellinghausen, North Rhine-Westphalia. From 1452 to 1993 it was the property of the Barons of Vittinghoff called Schell zu Schellenberg and until 1909 their residence.

Wikipedia: Schloss Schellenberg (DE)

35. Reiterdenkmal, Kaiser Wilhelm I.

Show sight on map

The Kaiser-Wilhelm-Denkmal in central Essen is an equestrian statue representing the German emperor William I. As one of many monuments to Emperor William erected during the German Empire, it also celebrates William I as its founder and WINNER of the Second Empire (France).

Wikipedia: Kaiser-Wilhelm-Denkmal (Essen) (DE)

36. Glückaufhaus

Show sight on map

The Glückaufhaus is an office building built in 1922/1923 in Essen's Südviertel at Friedrichstraße 1, whose façade has been a listed building since 1988. It was built according to plans by the architect and head of the municipal building office Ernst Bode (1878–1944).

Wikipedia: Glückaufhaus (DE)

37. Mar Addai und Mar Mari

Show sight on map

Located in St. Katernberg District of Essen. The Albertus Magnus Church, built between 1983 and 1986, is a Roman Catholic (Latin) church that was desecrated in 2008. As MarAddai and MarMari churches, it now serves the Chaldean Catholic diocese of the same name.

Wikipedia: St. Albertus Magnus (Essen-Katernberg) (DE)

38. Friedenskirche

Show sight on map

Friedenskirche is located in Bernestraße, near the old synagogue and town hall in downtown Essen. This ancient Catholic church was built between 1914 and 1916. Its origins were amid the horrors of the First World War, which made its name easy to understand.

Wikipedia: Friedenskirche (Essen) (DE)

39. Marktkirche Kettwig

Show sight on map

Evangelische Marktkirche is a church building in the Kettwig district of Essen, Germany. The name Kirche am Markt is popular because it allows for precise geographical classification in Kettwig, while avoiding confusion with Marktkirche in downtown Essen.

Wikipedia: Marktkirche Kettwig (DE)

40. Ruhr Museum

Show sight on map

The Ruhr Museum, formerly the Ruhrland Museum, is a diverse natural history and cultural history museum for the Ruhrgebiet in Essen, Germany. The sponsor is the Stiftung Ruhr Museum. Director since 2012 is the historian Heinrich Theodor Grütter.

Wikipedia: Ruhr Museum (EN)

41. Deutschlandhaus

Show sight on map

Today, Deutschlandhaus is the office and commercial building of Lindenallee in downtown Essen. Built in 1928 and 1929, it is a technical town hall thought to be the city's first skyscraper. It has been listed as a historical monument since 1988.

Wikipedia: Deutschlandhaus (Essen) (DE)

42. Ruhrkämpfermahnmal

Show sight on map
Ruhrkämpfermahnmal Frank Vincentz / CC BY-SA 3.0

RuhrkämpferEhrenmal ("RuhrkämpferEhrenmal") is a monument in the Eisenhorst district of Germany. It is located in a forest above the north bank of Ruhr River, about 100 meters southeast of Haushorst. In 1985, it was converted into a monument.

Wikipedia: Ruhrkämpferehrenmal (DE)

43. Wasserturm am Steeler Berg

Show sight on map

Steeler Berg's water tower is located in Diether-Krebs-Platz, southeast of the city of Essen. In 1985, it was added to the list of monuments in Essen. To this day, it still has the function of water tower. Today, it is also home to Essen Tafel.

Wikipedia: Wasserturm am Steeler Berg (DE)

44. Kreuzeskirche

Show sight on map

The Kreuzeskirche in Essen's city centre is a Protestant church built according to plans by the architect August Orth between 1894 and 1896. After severe damage in the Second World War, it was rebuilt until 1953 and is now a listed building.

Wikipedia: Kreuzeskirche (Essen) (DE)

45. Amtsgericht Steele

Show sight on map

The Essen-Steele District Court is located in the Steele district of Essen and is responsible for the districts of Burgaltendorf, Byfang, Freisenbruch, Horst, Kray, Kupferdreh, Leithe, Steele, ≤ Berruhr-Hinsel and ≤ Berruhr-Holthausen.

Wikipedia: Amtsgericht Essen-Steele (DE)

46. Krupp-Park

Show sight on map

Krupp Park is a park in Essen West, Germany. It was built in the course of the Krupp-Gürtel urban planning project and is located on the north-south extension west of Berthold-Beitz Avenue. To the south of the park is a sports facility.

Wikipedia: Krupp-Park (DE)

47. Stadtgarten Essen

Show sight on map

Stadtgarten Essen is the oldest public green space in Essen. It is located in the Südviertel district south of Essen Central Station, between the Aalto Theatre, the Philharmonic Orchestra and the adjacent Rüttenscheid district.

Wikipedia: Stadtgarten Essen (DE)

48. Ehemaliges Press- und Hammerwerk Ost

Show sight on map

The Presse- und Hammerwerk Ost was part of the Krupp cast steel factory. Since 1992, the now redesigned, listed workshop in the western quarter of the city of Essen has served as a parking garage for a furniture store.

Wikipedia: Press- und Hammerwerk Ost (DE)

49. Jugendhalle Schonnebeck

Show sight on map
Jugendhalle Schonnebeck NatiSythen / CC BY-SA 3.0

The Schonnebeck Youth Hall is a gymnastics and festival hall in the Schonnebeck district of Essen, which was first used as an exhibition building in Cologne in 1914, then reused in Essen and is now a listed building.

Wikipedia: Jugendhalle Schonnebeck (DE)

50. Grugaturm

Show sight on map

The Grugaturm is a 29-metre-high observation tower in Grugapark in Essen's Rüttenscheid district and a monument of classical modernism. Attached to the tower is the logo of the park in the form of a stylized tulip.

Wikipedia: Grugaturm (DE)

51. Heilig Geist

Show sight on map

The Roman Catholic Church of the Holy Spirit is a branch church of St. Nicholas Parish in Katernberg District of Essen, Germany. It was completed in 1957 and has been listed as a historical site since February 2019.

Wikipedia: Heilig-Geist-Kirche (Essen-Katernberg) (DE)

52. Südwestfriedhof

Show sight on map

Essener Südwestfriedhof is located in Fulerum district in the west of Essen city. It is the second largest cemetery in the city, after Park Cemetery. There are also 2,878 victims of the two world wars buried here.

Wikipedia: Südwestfriedhof Essen (DE)

53. Krupp Stammhaus

Show sight on map
Krupp Stammhaus kaʁstn – Steffen Schmitz / CC BY-SA 4.0

Initially, Krupp's main house was a slate-timber structure built in 1818/1819 as a house of overseers and later home to the Krupp family of Essen industrialists. It was rebuilt in 1961 after being destroyed by war.

Wikipedia: Stammhaus Krupp (DE)

54. Evangelische Kirche Heckstraße

Show sight on map

Essen-Werden Protestant Church is a church in the Werden district of Essen, Germany. One feature of the church is its interior design, which is rich in floral elements, which is unusual for evangelical churches.

Wikipedia: Evangelische Kirche Essen-Werden (DE)

55. Die unendliche Geschichte

Show sight on map

The Neverending Story is a fantasy novel by German writer Michael Ende, published in 1979. The first English translation, by Ralph Manheim, was published in 1983. The novel was later adapted into several films.

Wikipedia: The Neverending Story (EN)

56. ChorForum

Show sight on map
ChorForum de:Benutzer:Azog, who confirms the license. / CC BY-SA 3.0

St. Engelbert's Church is located on the south side of Essen. It was designed by architect Dominikus Böhm and consecrated in 1935. In 1993, it was listed as a historical site. In 2008, she was desecrated.

Wikipedia: St. Engelbert (Essen) (DE)

57. Gerhard Meyer-Schwickerath

Show sight on map

Gerhard Rudolph Edmund Meyer-Schwickerath was a German ophthalmologist, university lecturer and researcher. He is known as the father of light coagulation which was the predecessor to many eye surgeries.

Wikipedia: Gerhard Meyer-Schwickerath (EN)

Disclaimer Please be aware of your surroundings and do not enter private property. We are not liable for any damages that occur during the tours.

Share